Depending on the type of structure you're building, the timber truss you choose can make all the difference. Whether you're looking for a vaulted ceiling, an open rustic look, or a simply adorned entrance, timber trusses are excellent for their versatile and structural construction applications. Down below, we have listed 8 common type of timber trusses you should know about when building your next project.
1. King Post
King post timber trusses are recognizable by their single vertical post in the center of the truss. They are primarily used in conjunction with other heavy timber trusses.
Scissor timber trusses are great for their benefits of a vaulted ceiling and extra headroom. They are distinguishable from its angled beams substituting the usual tie beam.
3. Queen Post
Queen post timber trusses are reliable and versatile timber trusses due to their additional center post supports and wide span coverage. Similar in design of a King post timber truss, the Queen post has two additional angled beams in the center for extra support.
4. Raised Tie
Raised tie timber trusses are excellent for building residential homes and other buildings that need adequate attic space for insulation. A raised tie timber truss has the design of a Queen Post truss, but with a raised tie beam.
Howe timber trusses are ideal for projects that require an exceptionally wide span coverage. This design can typically span up to about 100 feet. A Howe timber truss can be mistaken for a Queen post if the two vertical strut supports are mistakenly overlooked.
Attic timber trusses are primarily utilized in residential homes or buildings that require a large open elevated area with adequate headroom. Attic timber trusses are easily recognizable by their large “open” center. These open areas within the timber truss allow room for window installations.
Discernible by its “A” appearance, the Arch truss provides an open look to the interior of any roof it’s used to construct. Typically, the timber truss’s rafters are linked by a collar beam that is supported by two arch braces, thus, giving the timber timber truss its unique shape.
Originating as a truss designed for constructing bridges, Fink timber trusses are now commonly used in residential homes. It is identifiable by the diagonal struts on either side of the timber truss in place of a center post.